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Cervical Esophageal Cancer

Causes of Cervical Esophageal Cancer

As with most cancers, doctors can’t tell you with certainty what causes cervical esophageal cancer. It’s a combination of genetic factors and factors in your environment.

By far the most common factor contributing to cervical esophageal cancer is using tobacco, particularly smoking it. Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol also contributes to the risk of developing cancer of the cervical esophagus.

  • Tobacco: Smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes and using chewing tobacco greatly increase your chance of getting cervical esophageal cancer.
  • Alcohol: Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol is also very strongly related to getting cervical esophageal cancer. Moreover, if you both smoke and drink heavily, the risk more than doubles.

Other factors that can increase your chance of getting cervical esophageal cancer include:

  • Exposure to radiation in the past: Being exposed to radiation as part of a natural disaster, treatment for another disease a long time ago or even through work can increase the chances of some cancers of the esophagus.
  • Plummer-Vinson Syndrome: This is a very rare disease seen in nonsmoking women between 30 and 50 years old. It is called a syndrome because it includes a pattern of symptoms, including difficulty with swallowing, a web of tissue that can partially block off the hypopharynx or cervical esophagus and low iron counts leading to low blood counts, along with weight loss. People with this syndrome are at an increased risk of developing cervical esophageal cancer.

Other factors that can increase the risk of developing cancer of the cervical esophagus include:

  • Drinking hot liquids or foods frequently
  • A history of drinking poisons such as lye
  • Certain viruses or bacteria
  • Certain diet factors such as nitrosamine or some vitamin deficiencies
  • Celiac disease
  • Genetic factors
References

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