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Throat Cancers

The term “throat cancer” is not very specific. It includes cancers in many different parts of the head and neck area. These areas include the nasopharynx located behind the nose, the oropharynx, which includes the tonsils and base of tongue, as well as the voice box and the inlet to the esophagus.

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It was the hoarseness and the overall feeling of tiredness that prompted me to seek out a doctor for some clue about what was going on.Gordon O. (laryngeal cancer survivor)

Navigating throat cancers

To learn more about a particular type of throat cancer, choose a category below.

Basics of Throat Cancer

An overview of the basics of throat cancer.

Laryngopharyngeal Cancers

This section discusses hypopharyngeal cancer (lower throat), cervical esophageal cancer (top part of the esophagus) and laryngeal cancer (voice box) in greater detail.

Nasopharyngeal Cancers

This article covers nasopharyngeal cancers (part of throat located behind the nose) in detail.

Oropharyngeal Cancers

This section discusses soft palate cancer (roof of the mouth), tongue base cancer (back of tongue) and tonsil cancer in greater detail.

References

1 Moore C. Smoking and cancer of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association. Jan 25 1965;191(4):283-286.

2 Pelucchi C, Gallus S, Garavello W, Bosetti C, La Vecchia C. Cancer risk associated with alcohol and tobacco use: focus on upper aero-digestive tract and liver. Alcohol research & health: the journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2006;29(3):193-198.

3 Little MP. Cancer after exposure to radiation in the course of treatment for benign and malignant disease. The lancet oncology. Apr 2001;2(4):212-220.

4 D'Souza G, Kreimer AR, Viscidi R, et al. Case-control study of human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal cancer. The New England journal of medicine. May 10 2007;356(19):1944-1956.

5 Hildesheim A, Berrington de Gonzalez A. Etiology and prevention of cervical adenocarcinomas. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Mar 1 2006;98(5):292-293.

6 Armstrong RW, Armstrong MJ, Yu MC, Henderson BE. Salted fish and inhalants as risk factors for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Malaysian Chinese. Cancer research. Jun 1983;43(6):2967-2970.

7 Larsson LG, Sandstrom A, Westling P. Relationship of Plummer-Vinson disease to cancer of the upper alimentary tract in Sweden. Cancer research. Nov 1975;35(11 Pt. 2):3308-3316.

8 El-Serag HB, Hepworth EJ, Lee P, Sonnenberg A. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a risk factor for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer. Am J Gastroenterol. Jul 2001;96(7):2013-8.

9 Vaezi MF, Qadeer MA, Lopez R, Colabianchi N. Laryngeal cancer and gastroesophageal reflux disease: a case-control study. Am J Med. Sep 2006;119(9):768-76.

10 Wei WI, Sham JS. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Lancet. Jun 11-17 2005;365(9476):2041-2054.

11 Hoare TJ, Thomson HG, Proops DW. Detection of laryngeal cancer--the case for early specialist assessment. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Jul 1993;86(7):390-392.

12 Cohen, E. E., LaMonte, S. J., Erb, N. L., Beckman, K. L., Sadeghi, N. , Hutcheson, K. A., Stubblefield, M. D., Abbott, D. M., Fisher, P. S., Stein, K. D., Lyman, G. H. and Pratt‐Chapman, M. L. (2016), American Cancer Society Head and Neck Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 66: 203-239. doi:10.3322/caac.21343

13 Banko A V., Lazarevic IB, Folic MM, et al. (2016). “Characterization of the Variability of Epstein-Barr Virus Genes in Nasopharyngeal Biopsies: Potential Predictors for Carcinoma Progression.” PLoS One. 11(4):e0153498.

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