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Explore Cancer Types

This section of the Head & Neck Cancer Guide for Teens includes detailed articles about specific cancer types. Articles about cancer types are categorized by the location of the primary (first) tumor. Each article includes information about anatomy, causes, signs and symptoms, doctor visits, diagnosis, cancer types, tumor grade, staging, treatment, prognosis and life after treatment.

Navigating cancer types

This website contains many articles about specific types of cancer you might find helpful. They fall into the following categories:

Oral Cavity Cancer

Oral cancers are cancers that begin in the oral cavity, which includes the lining of the cheeks, lips, upper and lower jaws, gums, minor salivary glands, roof of the mouth and tongue.

Salivary Gland Cancer

Salivary gland cancers begin in the salivary glands of the mouth, cheek, neck or throat. Salivary gland cancer that begins in the mouth or cheek is covered under Oral Cancers above. Other salivary gland cancers are discussed here.

Throat Cancer

Throat cancers include tumors that begin in the nasopharynx located behind the nose; the oropharynx, which includes the tonsils and base of tongue; and the larynx (voice box) and pharynx (throat).

Neck Cancers

Cancers in the neck include metastatic lymph nodes and thyroid cancer. The articles in this section discuss cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes of the neck and advanced thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer is discussed in greater detail in the Thyroid Cancer Care Collaborative website (https://thyroidccc.org).

Nose and Sinus Cancers

This section covers cancers inside of the nose (the nasal cavity) and the paranasal sinuses (air-filled spaces in the head around the nasal cavity). These are also called sinonasal cancers.

Orbital Tumors

Orbital tumors are those that involve the eye socket (everything inside the eye socket except the eyeball itself). It includes the bones, the lacrimal (tearing) system, muscles, nerves, lymphatics, blood vessels and even the eyelids (parts of which attach to the bones of the orbit). The eye sits within the orbit, but this article covers tumors of the orbit, not the eye itself.

Skin Cancer

Some head and neck cancers begin in the skin. These include non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) and malignant melanoma of the skin.

Distant Metastasis

Distant metastases in head and neck cancer are defined as tumor cells that arise from a primary tumor in the head and neck and then spread to a location outside of the head and neck. Learn more about distant metastasis in this article.