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Nasopharyngeal Cancers

References

1 Ho JH. An epidemiologic and clinical study of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics. Mar-Apr 1978;4(3-4):182-198.

2 Hildesheim A, Levine PH. Etiology of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a review. Epidemiologic reviews. 1993;15(2):466-485.

3 Vaughan TL, Shapiro JA, Burt RD, et al. Nasopharyngeal cancer in a low-risk population: defining risk factors by histological type. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention: a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. Aug 1996;5(8):587-593.

4 Xu FH, Xiong D, Xu YF, Cao SM, Xue WQ, Qin HD, Liu WS, Cao JY, Zhang Y, Feng QS, Chen LZ, Li MZ, Liu ZW, Liu Q, Hong MH, Shugart YY, Zeng YX, Zeng MS, Jia WH. An epidemiological and molecular study of the relationship between smoking, risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and Epstein-Barr virus activation. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2012 Sep.

5 Pelucchi C, Gallus S, Garavello W, Bosetti C, La Vecchia C. Cancer risk associated with alcohol and tobacco use: focus on upper aero-digestive tract and liver. Alcohol research & health: the journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2006;29(3):193-198.

6 Buell P. The effect of migration on the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer among Chinese. Cancer research. May 1974;34(5):1189-1191.

7 Yu, et al. Cantonese-style salted fish as a cause of nasopharyngeal carcinoma: a report of a case-control study in Hong Kong. Cancer Res. 1986;46:956-961.

8 zur Hausen, et al. EBV DNA in biopsies of Burkitt tumors and anaplastic carcinomas of the nasopharynx. Nature. 1970;228:1056-1058.

9 Henle G, et al. EBC specific IgA serum antibodies as an outstanding feature of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Int J Cancer. 1976;17;1-17.

10 Yu MC, et al. Occupational and other non-dietary risk factors for NPC in Guangzhou, China. Int J Cancer. 1990;45:1033-1039.

11 Morris RE, Mahmeed BE, Gjorgov AN, Jazzaf HG, Rashid BA. The epidemiology of lip, oral cavity and pharyngeal cancers in Kuwait 1979-1988. The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery. Aug 2000;38(4):316-319.

12 Decker J, Goldstein JC. Risk factors in head and neck cancer. The New England journal of medicine. May 13 1982;306(19):1151-1155.

13 Sham JS, et al. serous otitis media. An opportunity for early recognition of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118:794-797.

14 Neel HB, 3rd. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma: diagnosis, staging, and management. Oncology (Williston Park). Feb 1992;6(2):87-95; discussion 99-102.

15 Wei WI, Sham JS. Nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Lancet. Jun 11-17 2005;365(9476):2041-2054.

16 Sham JST, Cheung YK, Chan FL, Choy D. Nasoparyngeal carcinoma: pattern of skeletal metastases. Br J Radiol. 1990;63:202-205.

17 Spiro RH, Thaler HT, Hicks WF, Kher UA, Huvos AH, Strong EW. The importance of clinical staging of minor salivary gland carcinoma. Am J Surg. 1991 Oct;162(4):330-6.

18 Referenced with permission from The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) for Head and Neck Cancers V.2.2016. © National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc 2016. All rights reserved. Accessed December 7, 2016. To view the most recent and complete version of the guideline, go online to www.nccn.org.

19 Piccirillo JF, Costas I, Reichman ME. Chapter 2: Cancers of the Head and Neck. Ries LAG, Young JL, Keel GE, Eisner MP, Lin YD, Horner M-J (editors). SEER Survival Monograph: Cancer Survival Among Adults: U.S. SEER Program, 1988-2001, Patient and Tumor Characteristics. National Cancer Institute, SEER Program, NIH Pub. No. 07-6215, Bethesda, MD, 2007.

20 Edge SB, et al. The AJCC Cancer Staging Manual – Seventh Edition. American Joint Committee on Cancer 2010.